Confiscation and Fusion can be defined as a lead- follow approach to dancing to any music that does not have a defined dance aesthetic. It accomplishes the form in dance with blending and adapting to music. It uses different influences and styles. It is a connection between the movement of a partner and the music. It means creating a new style to any unique music or a combination of two or more established dance aesthetic into a single dance that reflects the song. Dancers integrate other forms of dance to new form of dancing like use of African dance and integrating it into the American culture. Dancers are fused in various dances like the Lindy Hop and the Jitterbug where they find commonalities in dance styles and creating new movements by adapting to it.
Many millions of southern blacks had migrated to cities in North America. The type of dance that was common in these cities was Afro-American dance that was usually fused with ballroom dance. Ballroom dancing was one in ballrooms like the Savoy Theater. (Perpener, 2001)
An example of an artist who participated in the dance was Ernie Smith who was European American. His remarks regarding the Lindy dance was that it was dance for the blacks even if white Americans danced it. He explained that it arose from the black culture and their experience. However as it fused in the white community it became jerky and very different.
The Jitterbug form and technique was very similar but was structurally different, this was to please the white community. Both the Lindy and the Jitterbug were dances for either black or white. They were both related since they came from the fusion of cultures. (Glass, 2010)
From the early days of hop in the 1930s jazz music and lindy and jitterbug dance developed and this defined in the US and African Americans. Africans introduced their dance to North and South America as slave labors in the 1500s.This dance merged with European dances that formed an aesthetic in the Americans. In Africa dance is part of life but in America, it helped enslaved Africans to connect with their cultural traditions.
The Linda Hop type of dance first evolved in Harlem Newyork in the 1920s that was originally jazz music. It was a fusion of many dances like jazz, tap, breakaway and Charlseton.This type of dance had combined elements of partnering and solo dances by using movements and improvising of black dances using the format for eight-count structure from European partner dances.
The Lindy has the swing out that is a basic step where the open position each dancer is connected hand in hand, its closed position men, and the women are connected in an embrace. American Swedish and dancers from Britain revived it in the 1980s but now dancers that are affiliated with organizations from North America, South America, Asia, Oceania, and Europe represent it. It can be referred to as the street dance since it has evolved its organization agencies.
Charles Lindbergh popularly danced this routine dance together with George Snowden who stated that they used to call it the basic step before Lindbergh did the hop across the Atlantic. White people had stated to watch black dancers who did acrobatic to entertain the whites. They even taught tourists the dance.
Linda Hop entered in the mainstream of America culture in the 1930s where dance studios started to teach the dance .In the 1940as it moved offshore in films and with American troops that were stationed overseas. In 1994, there was an excise tax for dancers due to World War II where dancing signs were not allowed. Nowadays Lindy Hop is found in many westernized cities the local swing dance community in every city displays their different cultures.
On the other hand, Jitterbug dance was popular in the 20th century in the United States and is associated with the swing dance as the Lindy Hop and East Coast Swing. Tourists who watched the dance thought it was a choreographed routine where regular dancers were enjoying the social dance.
Jitterbug is slang name for alcoholics who suffered from jitters. Dancers danced without any control or knowledge of the dance .It was popularized to mean swing dancers. People were jumping around, cutting loose, and going crazy.
During World War II, the jitterbug spread across the Pacific when there were taxes on dancing. It also spread to Atlantic Oceans. In ballrooms were filled with working class women and also American soldiers and sailors. Couples were warned of doing rude American dancing. The troops that were stationed in France in 1945 jitterbugged and it became popular.
This type of dance was part of rock and roll. Janis Martin had equated jitterbug with rock and roll. The Philadelphia television displayed the popular songs and therefore the dance became famous and it was described as being less acrobatic unlike the Lindy Hop. (DeFrantz, 2002)
African Americans during enslavement worked while dancing. This dances moved to Minstrel shows that both blacks and whites performed introduced black dances in the 1800s.It. Mostly Africans danced parts where they were ridiculed. These performances raised professionalism standards and African dance became popular with the whites. Choreographers fused African American themes and movement styles in their dances and blacks were hired to perform.
DeFrantz, Thomas. Dancing Many Drums: Excavations in African American Dance. Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002. Internet resource.
DeFrantz, Thomas. Dancing Revelations: Alvin Ailey's Embodiment of African American Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Internet resource.
Glass, Barbara S. African American Dance: An Illustrated History. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland & Co, 2012. Print.
Perpener, John O. African American Concert Dance: The Harlem Renaissance and Beyond. Urbana [u.a.: Univ. of Illinois Press, 2001. Print.